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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 26, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File No. 001-35603
__________________________________  
CHUY’S HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 __________________________________ 
Delaware 20-5717694
(State of Incorporation
or Organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1623 Toomey Rd.
Austin, Texas 78704
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (512) 473-2783
 __________________________________ 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareCHUYNasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes       No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes      No  
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding at October 29, 2021 was 19,801,997.


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Part I—Financial Information
Item 1.    Financial Statements
Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
September 26, 2021December 27, 2020
Assets
(Unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$105,107 $86,817 
Accounts receivable
1,583 1,507 
Lease incentives receivable
 200 
Inventories
1,423 1,449 
Income tax receivable
1,389 974 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,922 3,614 
Total current assets113,424 94,561 
Property and equipment, net
182,119 185,105 
Operating lease assets
149,918 159,156 
Deferred tax asset, net6,382 7,806 
Other assets and intangible assets, net
1,615 1,078 
Tradename
21,900 21,900 
Goodwill
24,069 24,069 
Total assets
$499,427 $493,675 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$4,450 $2,977 
Accrued liabilities
25,025 25,775 
Operating lease liabilities
13,136 14,566 
Total current liabilities
42,611 43,318 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion
191,320 207,601 
Other liabilities
1,301 898 
Total liabilities
235,232 251,817 
Contingencies
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 60,000,000 shares authorized; 19,801,997 shares issued and outstanding at September 26, 2021 and 19,710,549 shares issued and outstanding at December 27, 2020
198 197 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 15,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued or outstanding at September 26, 2021 and December 27, 2020
  
Paid-in capital
143,049 144,897 
Retained earnings
120,948 96,764 
Total stockholders’ equity
264,195 241,858 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$499,427 $493,675 






See notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Income Statements
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Revenue
$101,939 $82,032 $297,802 $242,244 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales
24,972 19,819 70,984 59,791 
Labor
29,776 23,891 84,911 74,808 
Operating
15,001 12,659 44,416 37,964 
Occupancy
7,351 7,480 22,049 22,563 
General and administrative
6,996 5,701 20,523 16,195 
Marketing
1,136 514 3,351 1,888 
Restaurant pre-opening
349 345 1,641 1,483 
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs3,973 3,444 7,721 23,999 
Gain on insurance settlements
   (1,000)
Depreciation5,093 4,844 15,097 15,028 
Total costs and expenses94,647 78,697 270,693 252,719 
Income (loss) from operations
7,292 3,335 27,109 (10,475)
Interest expense, net
74 33 118 238 
Income (loss) before income taxes
7,218 3,302 26,991 (10,713)
Income tax expense (benefit)1,218 476 2,807 (5,637)
Net income (loss)
$6,000 $2,826 $24,184 $(5,076)
Net income (loss) per common share:
Basic
$0.30 $0.14 $1.22 $(0.28)
Diluted
$0.30 $0.14 $1.20 $(0.28)
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic
19,913,355 19,692,181 19,882,265 17,961,008 
Diluted
20,100,811 19,784,364 20,141,107 17,961,008 






















See notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 Common StockRetained
SharesAmountPaid-in CapitalEarningsTotal
Balance, June 27, 202119,997,123 $200 $148,191 $114,948 $263,339 
Stock-based compensation—  995  995 
Settlement of restricted stock units2,148     
Repurchase of shares of common stock(196,569)(2)(6,115) (6,117)
Indirect repurchase of shares for minimum tax withholdings(705) (22) (22)
Net income—   6,000 6,000 
Balance, September 26, 202119,801,997 $198 $143,049 $120,948 $264,195 
Balance, June 28, 202019,689,892 $197 $142,762 $92,156 $235,115 
Stock-based compensation—  987  987 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options2,850  39  39 
Settlement of restricted stock units2,670     
Indirect repurchase of shares for minimum tax withholdings(900) (17) (17)
Net income—   2,826 2,826 
Balance, September 27, 202019,694,512 $197 $143,771 $94,982 $238,950 
Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
Common StockRetained 
SharesAmountPaid-in CapitalEarningsTotal
Balance, December 27, 202019,710,549 $197 $144,897 $96,764 $241,858 
Stock-based compensation—  3,039  3,039 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options163,354 2 3,759  3,761 
Settlement of restricted stock units181,966 2 (2)  
Repurchase of shares of common stock(196,569)(2)(6,115) (6,117)
Indirect repurchase of shares for minimum tax withholdings(57,303)(1)(2,529) (2,530)
Net income—   24,184 24,184 
Balance, September 26, 202119,801,997 $198 $143,049 $120,948 $264,195 
Balance, December 29, 201916,636,464 $166 $94,712 $100,058 $194,936 
Stock-based compensation—  2,944  2,944 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options6,021  73  73 
Sale of common stock from ATM offering, net of fees and expenses3,041,256 31 48,136  48,167 
Settlement of restricted stock units144,601 1 (1)  
Repurchase of shares of common stock(90,144)(1)(1,421) (1,422)
Indirect repurchase of shares for minimum tax withholdings(43,686) (672) (672)
Net loss—   (5,076)(5,076)
Balance, September 27, 202019,694,512 $197 $143,771 $94,982 $238,950 


See notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
 Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$24,184 $(5,076)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation15,097 15,028 
Amortization of operating lease assets7,241 6,831 
Amortization of loan origination costs
105 36 
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs2,767 20,869 
Stock-based compensation
2,893 2,764 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment
9 414 
Deferred income taxes
1,424 (6,510)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable
(76)650 
Lease incentive receivable
200 (150)
Income tax receivable and payable
(415)(265)
Inventories
26 256 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(686)(511)
Accounts payable
1,087 (617)
Accrued and other liabilities355 2,101 
Operating lease liabilities
(17,221)(2,971)
Net cash provided by operating activities
36,990 32,849 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment
(13,554)(10,905)
Purchase of other assets
 (389)
Net cash used in investing activities
(13,554)(11,294)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Net proceeds from sale of common stock
 48,167 
Borrowings under revolving line of credit
 25,000 
Payments under revolving line of credit
 (25,000)
Loan origination costs(260) 
Repurchase of shares of common stock
(6,117)(1,422)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
3,761 73 
Indirect repurchase of shares for minimum tax withholdings
(2,530)(672)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(5,146)46,146 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
18,290 67,701 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
86,817 10,074 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$105,107 $77,775 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Property and equipment and other assets acquired by accounts payable
$386 $34 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
Cash paid for interest
$26 $185 
Cash paid for income taxes
$1,806 $1,166 
See notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
1. Basis of Presentation
Chuy’s Holdings, Inc. (the “Company” or “Chuy’s”) develops and operates Chuy’s restaurants throughout the United States. Chuy’s is a growing, full-service restaurant concept offering a distinct menu of authentic, freshly-prepared Mexican and Tex-Mex inspired food. As of September 26, 2021, the Company operated 96 restaurants across 17 states.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), except that certain information and notes have been condensed or omitted pursuant to rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full fiscal year. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 27, 2020. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 27, 2020, has been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto to conform to current year presentation.
The Company operates on a 52- or 53- week fiscal year that ends on the last Sunday of the calendar year. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except for a 53-week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Our 2021 and 2020 fiscal years both consist of 52 weeks.
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
3. Net Income (Loss) Per Share
The number of shares and net income (loss) per share data for all periods presented are based on the historical weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding.
Basic net income (loss) per share of the Company's common stock is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period.
Diluted net income (loss) per share of common stock is computed on the basis of the weighted-average number of shares of common stock plus the effect of dilutive potential shares of common stock equivalents outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method for dilutive options and restricted stock units (the options and restricted stock units were granted under the Chuy's Holdings, Inc. 2012 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan (the "2012 Plan") and the Chuy's Holdings, Inc. 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the "2020 Plan")). For the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, there were approximately 19,300 and 91,100 shares, respectively, of common stock equivalents that were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. For the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, there were approximately 6,400 and 25,300 shares, respectively, of common stock equivalents that were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
The computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share is as follows:
 Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
BASIC
Net income (loss)$6,000 $2,826 $24,184 $(5,076)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
19,913,355 19,692,181 19,882,265 17,961,008 
Basic net income (loss) per common share$0.30 $0.14 $1.22 $(0.28)

DILUTED
Net income (loss)$6,000 $2,826 $24,184 $(5,076)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
19,913,355 19,692,181 19,882,265 17,961,008 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units
187,456 92,183 258,842  
Weighted-average of diluted shares
20,100,811 19,784,364 20,141,107 17,961,008 
Diluted net income (loss) per common share$0.30 $0.14 $1.20 $(0.28)
 
4. Stock-Based Compensation
The Company has outstanding awards under the 2012 Plan and the 2020 Plan. On July 30, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2020 Plan, which replaced the 2012 Plan and no further awards may be granted under the 2012 plan. The termination of the 2012 Plan did not affect outstanding awards granted under the 2012 Plan. Options granted under these plans vest over five years from the date of grant and have a maximum term of ten years. As of September 26, 2021 the Company had 13,165 of stock options outstanding and exercisable with a remaining weighted average contractual term of approximately 1.7 years.
Restricted stock units granted under the 2012 Plan and 2020 Plan vest over four to five years from the date of grant. As of September 26, 2021, a total of 1,022,781 shares of common stock were reserved and remained available for issuance under the 2020 Plan.
Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated income statements was approximately $946,000 and $941,000 for the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, respectively, and $2,893,000 and $2,764,000 for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, respectively.
A summary of stock-based compensation activity related to restricted stock units for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 are as follows:
SharesWeighted
Average
Fair Value
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
(Year)
Outstanding at December 27, 2020518,540 $19.42 
Granted93,886 44.02 
Vested(181,966)21.35 
Forfeited(13,921)22.00 
Outstanding at September 26, 2021416,539 $24.04 2.61
The fair value of the restricted stock units is the quoted market value of our common stock on the date of grant. As of September 26, 2021, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock units was approximately $7.9 million. This amount is expected to be recognized evenly over the remaining vesting period of the grants.

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
5. Long-Term Debt
Revolving Credit Facility
On July 30, 2021, the Company entered into a secured $35.0 million revolving credit facility with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility may be increased up to an additional $25.0 million subject to certain conditions and at the Company’s option if the lenders agree to increase their commitments. The Credit Facility will mature on July 30, 2024, unless the Company exercises its option to voluntarily and permanently reduce all of the commitments before the maturity date. In connection with entering the Credit Facility, the Company terminated its $25.0 million revolving credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.
The Credit Facility contains representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants and events of default that the Company considers customary for an agreement of this type. The agreement requires the Company to be in compliance with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.25 to 1.00, and a maximum consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio of no more than 4.00 to 1.00. The Credit Facility also has certain restrictions on the payment of dividends and distributions. Under the Credit Facility, the Company may declare and make dividend payments so long as (i) no default or event of default has occurred and is continuing or would result therefrom and (ii) immediately after giving effect to any such dividend payment, on a pro forma basis, the consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio does not exceed 3.50 to 1.00.
Borrowings under the Credit Facility accrue interest at a per annum rate equal to, at the Company’s election, either LIBOR plus a margin of 1.5% to 2.0%, depending on the Company’s consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio, or a base rate determined according to the highest of (a) the prime rate, (b) the federal funds rate plus 0.5% or (c) LIBOR plus 1.0%, plus a margin of 0.5% to 1.0%, depending on the Company’s consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio.
An unused commitment fee at a rate of 0.125% applies to unutilized borrowing capacity under the Credit Facility.
The obligations under the Company’s Credit Facility are guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company and, subject to certain exceptions, secured by a continuing security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets. As of September 26, 2021, the Company had no borrowings under the Credit Facility, and was in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Facility.
6. Accrued Liabilities
The major classes of accrued liabilities at September 26, 2021 and December 27, 2020 are summarized as follows:
 September 26, 2021December 27, 2020
Accrued compensation and related benefits$10,601 $14,007 
Other accruals
6,214 3,987 
Sales and use tax
2,719 2,200 
Property tax
3,431 3,054 
Deferred gift card revenue
2,060 2,527 
Total accrued liabilities
$25,025 $25,775 
7. Stockholders' Equity
Share Repurchase Program
On October 31, 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program under which the Company may, at its discretion, repurchase up to $30.0 million of its common stock through December 31, 2022. Repurchases of the Company's outstanding common stock will be made in accordance with applicable laws and may be made at management's discretion from time to time in the open market, through privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 trading plans. There is no guarantee as to the exact number of shares to be repurchased by the Company. The timing and extent of repurchases will depend upon several factors, including market and business conditions, regulatory requirements and other corporate considerations, and repurchases may be discontinued at any time.
The Company repurchased 196,569 shares of common stock for approximately $6.1 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and 90,144 shares of common stock for approximately $1.4 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020 (prior to the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic). Since the beginning of the current share repurchase program the Company has repurchased 286,713 shares of common stock for a total of approximately $7.5 million through the

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
end of third quarter of 2021. As of September 26, 2021, the Company had approximately $22.5 million remaining to be repurchased under this plan.
8. Contingencies
The Company is involved in various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
9. Leases
The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception. The Company's material long-term operating lease agreements are for the land and buildings for our restaurants as well as our corporate offices. The lease term begins on the date that the Company takes possession under the lease, including the pre-opening period during construction, when in many cases the Company is not making rent payments. The initial lease terms range from 10 years to 15 years, most of which include renewal options totaling 10 to 15 years. The lease term is generally the minimum of the noncancelable period or the lease term including renewal options which are reasonably certain of being exercised up to a term of approximately 20 years.
Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date for material leases with a term of greater than 12 months. Operating lease liabilities represent the present value of future minimum lease payments. Since our leases do not provide an implicit rate, our operating lease liabilities are calculated using the Company's secured incremental borrowing rate at lease commencement. We estimate this rate based on prevailing financial market conditions, comparable companies, credit analysis and management judgment. Minimum lease payments include only fixed lease components of the agreement, as well as variable rate payments that depend on an index, initially measured using the index at the lease commencement date.
Operating lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset and are based upon the operating lease liabilities adjusted for prepaid or accrued lease payments, initial direct costs and lease incentives. Lease incentives are recognized when construction milestones are met and reduce our operating lease asset. They are amortized through the operating lease assets as reductions of rent expense over the lease term.
Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments that do not depend on a rate or index, escalation in the index subsequent to the initial measurement, payments associated with non-lease components such as common area maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance, and short-term lease payments (leases with a term with 12 months or less) are expensed as incurred. Certain of the Company’s operating leases contain clauses that provide for contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. These variable payments are expensed when the achievement of the specified target that triggers the contingent rent is considered probable. As of September 26, 2021, all of the Company's leases were operating.
Components of operating lease costs are included in occupancy, closed restaurant costs, restaurant pre-opening, general and administrative expense and property and equipment, net:
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
Lease costSeptember 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Operating lease cost(a)
$6,388 $6,500 $19,263 $19,523 
Variable lease cost270 143 809 360 
$6,658 $6,643 $20,072 $19,883 
(a) Includes short-term operating lease costs which are immaterial.
Supplemental cash flow disclosures for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, respectively:
Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities(a)
$28,272 $15,472 
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities(b)
(1,998)(1,351)
(a) The thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 includes $6.3 million of termination payments for five of our closed restaurant operating leases.

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
(b) The thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 includes a $8.9 million decrease to operating lease assets and liabilities related to the termination of five closed restaurant leases and a purchase of one existing lease, partially offset by a $6.9 million increase mainly due to extending remaining lives of certain leases. The thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020 includes a $7.0 million reduction to the operating lease assets and liabilities as a result of shortening the remaining life of certain leases, partially offset by a $5.7 million increase related to new lease commencements.
The Company recorded no additional deferred lease incentives during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and $0.2 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020.
Supplemental balance sheet and other lease disclosures:
Operating leasesClassificationSeptember 26, 2021December 27, 2020
Right-of-use assetsOperating lease assets$149,918 $159,156 
Deferred rent paymentsOperating lease liability795 2,169 
Current lease liabilitiesOperating lease liability12,341 12,397 
13,136 14,566 
Deferred rent paymentsOperating lease liability, less current portion256 746 
Non-current lease liabilitiesOperating lease liability, less current portion191,064 206,855 
191,320 207,601 
Total lease liabilities$204,456 $222,167 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)13.213.8
Weighted average discount rate7.8 %7.9%
Future minimum rent payments for our operating leases for the next five years as of September 26, 2021 are as follows:
Fiscal year ending:
Remainder of 2021$7,290 
202227,983 
202327,464 
202426,214 
202525,765 
Thereafter211,509 
Total minimum lease payments326,225 
Less: imputed interest121,769 
Present value of lease liabilities$204,456 
As of September 26, 2021, operating lease payments exclude approximately $6.5 million of legally binding minimum lease payments for leases signed but which we have not yet taken possession.

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
10. Income Taxes
The following is a reconciliation of the expected federal income taxes at the statutory rates of 21%:
Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Expected income tax expense (benefit)$1,512 $693 $5,664 $(2,250)
State tax expense, net of federal benefit230 216 935 108 
FICA tip credit(622)(1,187)(2,880)(2,979)
Deferred tax balance adjustment (a)
 620  (1,016)
Officers compensation101  474  
Stock compensation 134 (1,396)500 
Other(3) 10  
Income tax expense (benefit)$1,218 $476 $2,807 $(5,637)
(a) Reflects the tax benefit recorded in the quarter associated with a carryback of federal net operating losses due to the CARES Act administrative correction of the deprecation recovery period for qualified improvement property.
Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred taxes will not be realized. Both positive and negative evidence is considered in forming management’s judgment as to whether a valuation allowance is appropriate, and more weight is given to evidence that can be objectively verified. The tax benefits relating to any reversal of the valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets would be recognized as a reduction of future income tax expense. As of September 26, 2021, the Company believes that it will realize all of its deferred tax assets. Therefore, no valuation allowance has been recorded.
The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") audited our tax return for the fiscal year 2016. In August 2020, the IRS issued a Notice of Proposed Adjustment to the Company asserting that the tenant allowances paid to us under our operating leases should be recorded as taxable income for years 2016 and prior. The Company disagrees with this position based on the underlying facts and circumstances as well as standard industry practice. The Company estimates if the IRS's position was upheld, the Company's tax liability associated with this position could range between $0.5 million and $2.5 million. In accordance with the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codification Subtopic 740-10, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, the Company believes that it is more likely than not that the Company's position will ultimately be sustained upon further examination, including the resolution of the IRS's appeal or litigation processes, if any. As a result, no additional accrual has been made as of September 26, 2021.
The tax years 2019, 2018 and 2017 remain open for IRS audit. The Company has received no notice of audit or any notifications from the IRS for any of the open tax years.
11. Impairment, Closed Restaurant and Other Costs
The Company reviews long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangibles, subject to amortization, for impairment when events or circumstances indicate the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. In determining the recoverability of the asset value, an analysis is performed at the individual restaurant level and primarily includes an assessment of historical undiscounted cash flows and other relevant factors and circumstances. The Company evaluates future cash flow projections in conjunction with qualitative factors and future operating plans and regularly reviews any restaurants with a deficient level of cash flows for the previous 24 months to determine if impairment testing is necessary. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying value of the restaurant to its estimated future undiscounted cash flows. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying value, we determine if there is an impairment loss by comparing the carrying value of the restaurant to its estimated fair value. Based on this analysis, if the carrying value of the restaurant exceeds its estimated fair value, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value.
We make assumptions to estimate future cash flows and asset fair values. The estimated fair value is generally determined using the depreciated replacement cost method, the income approach, or discounted cash flow projections. Estimated future cash flows are highly subjective assumptions based on the Company’s projections and understanding of our business, historical operating results, and trends in sales and restaurant level operating costs.

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Chuy's Holdings, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
The Company’s impairment assessment process requires the use of estimates and assumptions regarding future cash flows and operating outcomes, which are based upon a significant degree of management judgment. The estimates used in the impairment analysis represent a Level 3 fair value measurement. The Company continues to assess the performance of restaurants and monitors the need for future impairment. Changes in the economic environment, real estate markets, capital spending, overall operating performance and underlying assumptions could impact these estimates and result in future impairment charges.
The Company recorded impairment, closed restaurant and other costs as follows:
 Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Operating lease assets impairment$ $ $ $3,133 
Property and equipment impairment1,282 1,008 1,570 16,152 
Total impairment charge1,282 1,008 1,570 19,285 
Closed restaurant costs
1,283 1,591 4,252 3,869 
Loss on lease termination1,408  1,899  
COVID-19 related charges 845  845 
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs$3,973 $3,444 $7,721 $23,999 
Closed restaurant costs represent on-going expenses to maintain the closed restaurants such as rent expense, utility and insurance costs.
During the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021, the Company terminated three of its closed restaurant lease agreements and recorded a $1.4 million loss on lease termination as well as a $1.3 million non-cash impairment charge. During the thirteen weeks ended September 27, 2020, the company recorded a $1.0 million non-cash impairment charge mainly as a result of restaurant closures driven by the COVID-19 pandemic as well as $0.8 million COVID-19 related charge due to idle development costs as a result of delaying restaurant openings to 2021.
During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021, the Company terminated five of its closed restaurant lease agreements and recorded a $1.9 million loss on lease termination as well as a $1.6 million non-cash impairment charge. During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020, the company recorded a $19.3 million impairment charge mainly as a result of restaurant closures driven by the COVID-19 pandemic as well as $0.8 million COVID-19 related charge due to idle development costs as a result of delaying restaurant openings to 2021.
12. Subsequent Events
Subsequent to the end of the third quarter, the Company’s Board of Directors replaced the existing share repurchase program and approved a new share repurchase program under which the Company may repurchase up to $50.0 million of its common shares outstanding. This repurchase program became effective on October 28, 2021 and expires on December 31, 2023. Repurchases of the Company’s outstanding common stock will be made in accordance with applicable securities laws and may be made at management’s discretion from time to time in the open market, through privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 trading plans.

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Item 2.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Unless otherwise specified, or the context otherwise requires, the references in this report to "Chuy's," “our Company,” “the Company,” “us,” “we” and “our” refer to Chuy’s Holdings, Inc. together with its subsidiaries.
The following discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting the consolidated operating results, financial condition, liquidity and cash flows of our Company as of and for the periods presented below. The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 27, 2020 (our "Annual Report") and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto included herein.
COVID-19 Pandemic
The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic at the end of the first quarter of 2020 caused significant disruptions to the Company's business operations as a result of mandatory closures, imposed capacity limitations and other restrictions. During fiscal 2020, the Company took various steps to reduce nonessential spend, postpone restaurant development and rightsize operations in light of reduced sales volume to improve our store level profitability and increase our cash flows. As of June 28, 2020, the Company reopened all of its dining rooms to varying degrees of operating capacity. The Company started to relax its indoor dining capacity restrictions during the second quarter of 2021 and, as of September 26, 2021, all restaurants operated without restrictions.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company developed a new operating model to address increased off-premise business with proportionately lower indoor dining. This allowed the Company to rightsize its labor model and maximize its restaurant level operating profit at reduced sales volumes. The Company continues to be subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of COVID-19 pandemic. The challenging labor market, commodity inflation pressures and supply chain shortages across many industries continue to increase costs to operate and stress our business. We cannot predict our ability to operate without capacity limitations in the future which will depend in part on the actions of a number of governmental bodies over which we have no control, the efficacy and public acceptance of vaccination programs in curbing the spread of the virus, the introduction and spread of new variants of the virus, which may prove resistant to currently approved vaccines, and new or reinstated restrictions on our operations.
Overview
We are a growing full-service restaurant concept offering a distinct menu of authentic, freshly-prepared Mexican and Tex-Mex inspired food. We were founded in Austin, Texas in 1982 and, as of September 26, 2021, we operated 96 restaurants across 17 states.
We are committed to providing value to our customers through offering generous portions of made-from-scratch, flavorful Mexican and Tex-Mex inspired dishes. We also offer a full-service bar in all of our restaurants providing our customers a wide variety of beverage offerings. We believe the Chuy’s culture is one of our most valuable assets, and we are committed to preserving and continually investing in our culture and our customers’ restaurant experience.
Our restaurants have a common décor, but we believe each location is unique in format, offering an “unchained” look and feel, as expressed by our motto “If you’ve seen one Chuy’s, you’ve seen one Chuy’s!” We believe our restaurants have an upbeat, funky, eclectic, somewhat irreverent atmosphere while still maintaining a family-friendly environment.
During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021, we opened four new restaurants. We have an established presence in Texas, the Southeast and the Midwest, with restaurants in multiple large markets in these regions. Our growth plan over the next five years focuses on developing additional locations in our existing markets with proven average unit volumes and customer brand awareness.
Performance Indicators
We use the following performance indicators in evaluating our performance:
Number of Restaurant Openings. Number of restaurant openings reflects the number of restaurants opened during a particular fiscal period. For restaurant openings we incur pre-opening costs, which are defined below, before the restaurant opens. Typically new restaurants open with an initial start-up period of higher than normalized sales volumes, which decrease to a steady level approximately six to twelve months after opening. However, operating costs during this initial six to twelve month period are also higher than normal, resulting in restaurant operating margins that are generally lower during the start-up period of operation and increase to a steady level approximately nine to twelve months after opening.
Comparable Restaurant Sales. We consider a restaurant to be comparable in the first full quarter following the 18th month of operations. Changes in comparable restaurant sales reflect changes in sales for the comparable group of restaurants over a specified period of time as compared to that time in the prior year. Changes in comparable sales
reflect changes in customer count trends as well as changes in average check. Our comparable restaurant base consisted of 91 restaurants at September 26, 2021.
Comparable Restaurant Sales as compared to 2019. Changes in comparable restaurant sales reflect changes in sales for the comparable group of restaurants over a specified period of time as compared to that time in fiscal year 2019. The comparable group of restaurants include the restaurants that were in the comparable base as of the end of fiscal year 2019. Our comparable restaurant base consisted of 81 restaurants at September 26, 2021.
Average Check. Average check is calculated by dividing revenue by total entrées sold for a given time period. Average check reflects menu price increases as well as changes in menu mix. Our management team uses this indicator to analyze trends in customers’ preferences, effectiveness of menu changes and price increases and per customer expenditures.
Average Weekly Customers. Average weekly customers is measured by the number of entrées sold per week. Our management team uses this metric to measure changes in customer traffic.
Average Unit Volume. Average unit volume consists of the average sales of our comparable restaurants over a certain period of time. This measure is calculated by dividing total comparable restaurant sales within a period of time by the total number of comparable restaurants within the relevant period. This indicator assists management in measuring changes in customer traffic, pricing and development of our brand.
Operating Margin. Operating margin represents income from operations as a percentage of our revenue. By monitoring and controlling our operating margins, we can gauge the overall profitability of our Company.
The following table presents operating data for the periods indicated:
 Thirteen Weeks EndedThirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021September 27, 2020September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Total open restaurants (at end of period)96 92 96 92 
Total comparable restaurants (at end of period)91 85 91 85 
Average unit volumes (in thousands)$1,070 $901 $3,164 $2,614 
Change in comparable restaurant sales(1)
20.5 %(19.8)%22.5 %(23.3)%
Average check$17.27 $17.53 $17.33 $16.90 
(1) We consider a restaurant to be comparable in the first full quarter following the 18th month of operations. Change in comparable restaurant sales reflects changes in sales for the comparable group of restaurants over a specified period of time.
Our Fiscal Year
We operate on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year that ends on the last Sunday of the calendar year. Each quarterly period has 13 weeks, except for a 53-week year when the fourth quarter has 14 weeks. Our 2021 and 2020 fiscal years each consists of 52 weeks.
Key Financial Definitions
Revenue. Revenue primarily consists of food and beverage sales and also includes sales of our t-shirts, sweatshirts and hats. Revenue is presented net of discounts associated with each sale. Revenue in a given period is directly influenced by the number of operating weeks in such period, the number of restaurants we operate and comparable restaurant sales growth.
Cost of sales. Cost of sales consists of food, beverage and merchandise related costs. The components of cost of sales are variable in nature, change with sales volume and are subject to increases or decreases based on fluctuations in commodity costs.
Labor costs. Labor costs include restaurant management salaries, front- and back-of-house hourly wages and restaurant-level manager bonus expense and payroll taxes.
Operating costs. Operating costs consist primarily of restaurant-related operating expenses, such as supplies, utilities, repairs and maintenance, travel cost, insurance, employee benefits, credit card fees, recruiting, delivery service and security. These costs generally increase with sales volume but may increase or decrease as a percentage of revenue.
Occupancy costs. Occupancy costs include rent charges, both fixed and variable, as well as common area maintenance costs, property taxes, the amortization of tenant allowances and the adjustment to straight-line rent. These costs are generally fixed but a portion may vary with an increase in sales when the lease contains percentage rent.
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses include costs associated with corporate and administrative functions that support our operations, including senior and supervisory management and staff compensation
(including stock-based compensation) and benefits, travel, legal and professional fees, information systems, corporate office rent and other related corporate costs.
Marketing. Marketing costs include costs associated with our local restaurant marketing programs, community service and sponsorship activities, our menus and other promotional activities.
Restaurant pre-opening costs. Restaurant pre-opening costs consist of costs incurred before opening a restaurant, including manager salaries, relocation costs, supplies, recruiting expenses, initial new market public relations costs, pre-opening activities, employee payroll and related training costs for new employees. Restaurant pre-opening costs also include rent recorded during the period between date of possession and the restaurant opening date.
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs. Impairment costs include impairment of long-lived assets associated with restaurants where the carrying amount of the asset is not recoverable and exceeds the fair value of the asset. Closed restaurant costs consist of any costs associated with the closure of a restaurant such as lease termination costs, severance benefits, other miscellaneous closing costs as well as costs to maintain these closed restaurants through the lease termination date such as occupancy costs, including rent payments less sublease income, if any, and insurance and utility costs. Other costs consist of closed restaurant lease termination fees and COVID-19 related charges due to idle development costs as a result of delaying restaurant openings to 2021.
Depreciation. Depreciation principally includes depreciation on fixed assets, including equipment and leasehold improvements.
Interest expense. Interest expense consists primarily of interest on our outstanding indebtedness, uncommitted credit facility fees and the amortization of our debt issuance costs reduced by interest income, if any.
Results of Operations
Potential Fluctuations in Quarterly Results and Seasonality
In addition to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic discussed above, our quarterly operating results may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, including the timing of new restaurant openings and related expenses, profitability of new restaurants, weather, increases or decreases in comparable restaurant sales, general economic conditions, consumer confidence in the economy, changes in consumer preferences, competitive factors, changes in food costs, changes in labor costs and changes in gas prices. In the past, we have experienced significant variability in restaurant pre-opening costs from quarter to quarter primarily due to the timing of restaurant openings. We typically incur restaurant pre-opening costs in the five months preceding a new restaurant opening. In addition, our experience to date has been that labor and direct operating costs associated with a newly opened restaurant during the first several months of operation are often materially greater than what will be expected after that time, both in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of restaurant sales. Accordingly, the number and timing of new restaurant openings in any quarter has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on quarterly restaurant pre-opening costs, labor and direct operating costs.
Our business is also subject to fluctuations due to seasonality and adverse weather. The spring and summer months have traditionally had higher sales volume than other periods of the year. Timing of holidays, severe winter weather, hurricanes, thunderstorms and similar conditions may impact restaurant unit volumes in some of the markets where we operate and may have a greater impact should they occur during our higher volume months. As a result of these and other factors, our financial results for any given quarter may not be indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year.

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Thirteen Weeks Ended September 26, 2021 Compared to Thirteen Weeks Ended September 27, 2020
The following table presents, for the periods indicated, the condensed consolidated statement of operations (in thousands):
 Thirteen Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021% of
Revenue
September 27, 2020% of
Revenue
$ Change%
Change
Revenue
$101,939 100.0 %$82,032 100.0 %$19,907 24.3 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales
24,972 24.5 19,819 24.2 5,153 26.0 
Labor
29,776 29.2 23,891 29.1 5,885 24.6 
Operating
15,001 14.7 12,659 15.4 2,342 18.5 
Occupancy
7,351 7.2 7,480 9.1 (129)(1.7)
General and administrative
6,996 6.9 5,701 6.9 1,295 22.7 
Marketing
1,136 1.1 514 0.6 622 121.0 
Restaurant pre-opening
349 0.3 345 0.4 1.2 
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs3,973 3.9 3,444 4.2 529 15.4 
Depreciation5,093 5.0 4,844 6.0 249 5.1 
Total costs and expenses94,647 92.8 78,697 95.9 15,950 20.3 
Income from operations7,292 7.2 3,335 4.1 3,957 118.7 
Interest expense, net
74 0.1 33 0.1 41 124.2 
Income before income taxes7,218 7.1 3,302 4.0 3,916 118.6 
Income tax expense1,218 1.2 476 0.6 742 155.9 
Net income$6,000 5.9 %$2,826 3.4 %$3,174 112.3 
Revenue. Revenue increased $19.9 million, or 24.3%, to $101.9 million for the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $82.0 million for the comparable period in 2020. The increase was primarily related to growth in customer traffic as the Company relaxed indoor dining capacity restrictions throughout its restaurants, as well as $3.1 million of incremental revenue from new restaurants opened during fiscal year 2021. For the third quarter of 2021, off-premise sales were approximately 26% of total revenue compared to approximately 33% and 12% in the same period last year and two years ago, respectively.
Comparable restaurant sales increased 20.5% for the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 compared to the thirteen weeks ended September 27, 2020. The increase in comparable restaurant sales as compared to 2020 was driven by a 22.2% increase in average weekly customers, partially offset by a 1.7% decrease in average check. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 2.4% as compared to the same period in fiscal 2019. The comparable restaurant sales during the quarter as compared to 2019 were negatively impacted by a significant increase in COVID-19 cases throughout the country and locally mandated capacity restrictions in core markets during August 2021.
Cost of sales. Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue increased to 24.5% during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 compared to 24.2% during the comparable period in 2020 primarily as a result of overall commodity inflation of 3.6%, partially offset by favorable mix driven by a decrease in fajita family kits sold as compared to the third quarter of 2020.
Labor costs. Labor costs as a percentage of revenue increased to 29.2% during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 29.1% during the comparable period in 2020 largely as a result of hourly labor rate inflation of approximately 8.3% at comparable restaurants in part due to increased overtime, partially offset by sales leverage on management labor costs.
Operating costs. Operating costs as a percentage of revenue decreased to 14.7% during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 15.4% during the same period in 2020 mainly as a result of sales leverage on fixed restaurant operating costs.
Occupancy costs. Occupancy costs as a percentage of revenue decreased to 7.2% during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 9.1% during the comparable period in 2020 primarily as a result of sales leverage on fixed occupancy expenses, partially offset by higher percentage rent and occupancy expenses related to four new stores that opened during fiscal 2021.
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses increased to $7.0 million for the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to $5.7 million for the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily driven by
higher performance-based bonuses in fiscal year 2021. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses remained flat at 6.9%.
Restaurant pre-opening costs. Restaurant pre-opening costs remained at approximately $0.3 million for the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020.
Marketing. Marketing expense as a percentage of revenue increased to 1.1% during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to 0.6% for the same period in 2020 as the company reinstated its digital advertising campaigns across the nation.
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs. Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs increased to $4.0 million during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $3.4 million during the comparable period in 2020. During the third quarter of 2021, the Company terminated three of its closed restaurant lease agreements and recorded a $1.4 million non-cash loss on lease termination and a $1.3 million non-cash impairment charge related to long-lived assets. During the third quarter of 2020, the Company recorded non-cash impairment charges of $1.0 million a result of the discontinuation of the Company’s complimentary “Nacho Car,” as well as $0.8 million in COVID-19 related charges due to idle development costs as a result of delaying restaurant openings to 2021. The company also incurred closed restaurant costs such as rent expense, utility and insurance costs required to maintain the remaining closed locations of $1.3 million and $1.6 million during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, respectively.
Depreciation. Depreciation expense increased to $5.1 million during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $4.8 million recorded during the comparable period in 2020 primarily due to an increase in depreciation associated with our new restaurants.
Income tax expense. We recorded an income tax expense of $1.2 million in the third quarter of 2021 compared to $0.5 million during the comparable period in 2020. The increase in income tax expense was driven by an increase in estimated annual net income. As of September 26, 2021, the Company had a $6.4 million deferred tax asset, which management believes will be fully realized, therefore, no valuation allowance is required at this time.
In August 2020, the IRS issued a Notice of Proposed Adjustment to the Company asserting that the tenant allowances paid under our operating leases should be recorded as taxable income for years 2016 and prior. The Company disagrees with the IRS's position and believes that it is more likely than not that the Company's position will ultimately be sustained upon further examination, including the resolution of the IRS's appeal or litigation processes, if any. As a result, no further tax accrual was made. The Company estimates if the IRS's position was upheld, the Company's tax liability associated with the IRS's position could range between $0.5 million and $2.5 million.
Net income. As a result of the foregoing, net income was $6.0 million during the thirteen weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to $2.8 million during the comparable period in 2020.

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Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 26, 2021 Compared to Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 27, 2020
The following table presents, for the periods indicated, the condensed consolidated statement of operations (in thousands):
 Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021% of
Revenue
September 27, 2020% of
Revenue
$ Change%
Change
Revenue
$297,802 100.0 %$242,244 100.0 %$55,558 22.9 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales
70,984 23.8 59,791 24.7 11,193 18.7 
Labor
84,911 28.5 74,808 30.9 10,103 13.5 
Operating
44,416 14.9 37,964 15.7 6,452 17.0 
Occupancy
22,049 7.4 22,563 9.3 (514)(2.3)
General and administrative
20,523 6.9 16,195 6.7 4,328 26.7 
Marketing
3,351 1.1 1,888 0.8 1,463 77.5 
Restaurant pre-opening
1,641 0.6 1,483 0.6 158 10.7 
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs7,721 2.6 23,999 9.9 (16,278)(67.8)
Gain on insurance settlements
— — (1,000)(0.4)1,000 *
Depreciation15,097 5.1 15,028 6.1 69 0.5 
Total costs and expenses270,693 90.9 252,719 104.3 17,974 7.1 
Income (loss) from operations
27,109 9.1 (10,475)(4.3)37,584 *
Interest expense, net
118 — 238 0.1 (120)(50.4)
Income (loss) before income taxes
26,991 9.1 (10,713)(4.4)37,704 *
Income tax expense (benefit)2,807 1.0 (5,637)(2.3)8,444 *
Net income (loss)
$24,184 8.1 %$(5,076)(2.1)%$29,260 *
* Not meaningful
Revenue. Revenue increased $55.6 million, or 22.9%, to $297.8 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $242.2 million for the comparable period in 2020. The increase in revenue was primarily related to growth in customer traffic as the Company relaxed indoor dining capacity restrictions throughout its restaurants, as well as $7.3 million of incremental revenue from new restaurants opened during fiscal year 2021. For the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021, off-premise sales were approximately 28% of total revenue compared to approximately 35% in the same period last year.
Comparable restaurant sales increased 22.5% for the thirty-nine weeks ended weeks ended September 26, 2021 compared to the thirty-nine weeks ended weeks ended September 27, 2020. The increase in comparable restaurant sales was primarily driven by an 19.5% increase in average weekly customers in addition to a 3.0% increase in average check. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 5.1% as compared to the same period in fiscal 2019 as the Company operated at varying degrees of operating capacity and under locally mandated COVID-19 restrictions during the first half of fiscal 2021.
Cost of sales. Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue decreased to 23.8% during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 24.7% during the same period in 2020. This decrease is primarily related to a decrease in fajita family kits sold subsequent to COVID-19 lockdowns as well as switching to a limited menu and eliminating the complimentary buffet style chips and salsa, or “Nacho Car,” during the second quarter of 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. This decrease is partially offset by overall commodity inflation of 1.2%.
Labor costs. Labor costs as a percentage of revenue decreased to 28.5% during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 30.9% during the comparable period in 2020 as a result of a reduction in hourly employees and store management personnel as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by hourly labor rate inflation of approximately 2.2% and $1.6 million of manager retention bonuses paid out during the second and third quarter of 2021.
Operating costs. Operating costs as a percentage of revenue decreased to 14.9% during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 15.7% during the same period in 2020 as a result of an approximately 20 basis-point decrease in to-go supplies due to lower off-premise sale mix as well as sales leverage on fixed restaurant operating costs, partially offset by an approximately 10 basis-point increase in liquor taxes driven by higher bar sales mix as compared the same period last year.
Occupancy costs. Occupancy costs as a percentage of revenue decreased to 7.4% during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from 9.3% during the comparable period in 2020 primarily as a result of sales leverage on fixed occupancy expenses as well as the closure of nine restaurants during the latter part of March 2020, partially offset by an increase in occupancy expenses related to four new stores that opened during fiscal 2021.
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses increased to $20.5 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to $16.2 million for the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily driven a $1.0 million increase in management salaries as a result of a reinstatement of temporarily reduced corporate salaries during the COVID-19 pandemic and a $2.8 million increase is performance-based bonuses. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 6.9% compared to 6.7% during fiscal 2020.
Restaurant pre-opening costs. Restaurant pre-opening costs increased to $1.6 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to $1.5 million for the same period in 2020. During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021, we incurred pre-opening costs for several new restaurant openings during fiscal 2021. Restaurant pre-opening costs for the comparable period of 2020 represent expenses for the store openings postponed to fiscal 2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Marketing. Marketing expense as a percentage of revenue increased to 1.1% during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to 0.8% the same period in 2020 as the company reinstated its digital advertising campaigns across the nation.
Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs. Impairment, closed restaurant and other costs decreased to $7.7 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $24.0 million during the comparable period in 2020. During fiscal 2021 to-date, the Company terminated five of its closed restaurant lease agreements and recorded a $1.9 million non-cash loss on lease termination as well as a $1.6 million non-cash impairment charge related to long-lived assets. During fiscal 2020, the Company recorded non-cash impairment charges of $19.3 million related to restaurant closures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and $0.8 million in COVID-19 related charges due to idle development costs as a result of delaying restaurant openings to 2021. The company also incurred $4.3 million and $3.9 million of closed restaurants costs, which include rent expense, utility and insurance costs during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020, respectively.
Depreciation. Depreciation expense increased to $15.1 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $15.0 during the comparable period in 2020 primarily due to an increase in depreciation and in equipment and leasehold improvement costs associated with our new restaurants.
Income tax expense (benefit). We recorded an income tax expense of $2.8 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 compared to an income tax benefit of $5.6 million during the comparable period in 2020. The increase in income tax expense was driven by an increase in estimated annual net income. As of September 26, 2021, the Company had a $6.4 million deferred tax asset, which management believes will be fully realized, therefore, no valuation allowance is required at this time.
In August 2020, the IRS issued a Notice of Proposed Adjustment to the Company asserting that the tenant allowances paid under our operating leases should be recorded as taxable income for years 2016 and prior. The Company disagrees with the IRS's position and believes that it is more likely than not that the Company's position will ultimately be sustained upon further examination, including the resolution of the IRS's appeal or litigation processes, if any. As a result, no further tax accrual was made. The Company estimates if the IRS's position was upheld, the Company's tax liability associated with the IRS's position could range between $0.5 million and $2.5 million.
Net income (loss). As a result of the foregoing, net income was $24.2 million during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to a loss of $5.1 million during the comparable period in 2020.
Liquidity
Our principal sources of cash are net cash provided by operating activities, which includes tenant improvement allowances from our landlords, and borrowings, if any, under our $35.0 million revolving credit facility as further discussed below. Consistent with many other restaurant and retail store operations, we typically use operating lease arrangements for our restaurants. From time to time, we may also purchase the underlying land for development. We believe that our operating lease arrangements provide appropriate leverage of our capital structure in a financially efficient manner.
On July 30, 2021, the Company entered into a secured $35.0 million revolving credit facility with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility may be increased up to an additional $25.0 million subject to certain conditions and at the Company’s option if the lenders agree to increase their commitments. The Credit Facility will mature on July 30, 2024, unless the Company exercises its option to voluntarily and permanently reduce all of the commitments before the maturity date. The agreement requires the Company to be in compliance with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and a maximum
consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio. The interest rate is either LIBOR plus a margin of 1.50% to 2.00%, depending on the Company’s consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio or a base rate determined according to the highest of (a) the prime rate, (b) the federal funds rate plus 0.50% or (c) LIBOR plus 1.0%, plus a margin of 0.50% to 1.00%, depending on the Company’s consolidated total lease adjusted leverage ratio. The Credit Facility also requires payment of an unused commitment fee of 0.125% that accrues on the daily unused commitment.
In connection with entering the Credit Facility, the Company terminated its $25.0 million revolving credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.
Our main requirements for liquidity are to support our working capital, restaurant expansion plans, ongoing maintenance of our existing restaurants, investment in infrastructure, obligations under our operating leases, interest payments on our debt, if any, and to repurchase shares of our common stock subject to market conditions. Repurchases of the Company's outstanding common stock will be made in accordance with applicable laws and may be made at management's discretion from time to time in the open market, through privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 trading plans. There is no guarantee as to the exact number of shares to be repurchased by the Company. The timing and extent of repurchases will depend upon several factors, including market and business conditions, regulatory requirements and other corporate considerations, and repurchases may be discontinued at any time.
As of the end of the third quarter of 2021, the Company had $22.5 million remaining under its $30.0 million repurchase program that expires on December 31, 2022.
Our liquidity may be adversely affected by a number of factors, including a decrease in customer traffic, average check per customer due to changes in economic conditions or the COVID-19 pandemic.
As of September 26, 2021, the Company had a strong financial position with $105.1 million in cash and cash equivalents, no debt and $35.0 million of availability under its revolving credit facility.
Cash Flows for Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020
The following table summarizes the statement of cash flows for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 and September 27, 2020 (in thousands): 
 Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
 September 26, 2021September 27, 2020
Net cash provided by operating activities$36,990 $32,849 
Net cash used in investing activities(13,554)(11,294)
Net cash provided by financing activities(5,146)46,146 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents18,290 67,701 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year86,817 10,074 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$105,107 $77,775 
Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities increased $4.1 million to $37.0 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $32.8 million during the comparable period in 2020. Our business is almost exclusively a cash business. Almost all of our receipts come in the form of cash and cash equivalents and a large majority of our expenditures are paid within a 30 day period. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was mainly attributable to a 22.5% increase in comparable restaurant sales, a substantial improvement in the restaurant-level operating margin as well as a $7.9 million increase in deferred income taxes due in part to a CARES Act administrative correction which took place in fiscal year 2020. This overall increase was partially offset by $6.3 million in lease termination costs paid during fiscal 2021 to teminate five of our closed restaurant leases as well as a $1.9 million repayment of deferred rent liability (included in the operating lease liabilities) recorded as a result of rent deferment and concessions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities increased $2.3 million to $13.6 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 from $11.3 million during the comparable period in 2020, mainly driven by a timing of our new restaurant construction as compared to the same period last year.
Financing Activities. Net cash used by financing activities was $5.1 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $46.1 million during the comparable period in 2020. The decrease in net cash provided by financial activities was primarily due to $48.2 million in net proceeds received in the Company's ATM offering completed during the second quarter of fiscal 2020 as well as a $4.7 million increase in the repurchases of common shares during thirty-nine weeks ended September 26, 2021 as compared to the same period last year.
As of September 26, 2021, we had no other financing transactions, arrangements or other relationships with any unconsolidated affiliates or related parties. Additionally, we had no financing arrangements involving synthetic leases or trading activities involving commodity contracts.
Capital Resources
Long-Term and Short-Term Capital Requirements
There have been no material changes to our long-term or short-term capital requirements from what was previously disclosed in our Annual Report filed with the SEC.
Contractual Obligations
There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations from what was previously disclosed in our Annual Report filed with the SEC.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of September 26, 2021, we are not involved in any variable interest entities transactions and do not otherwise have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to the significant accounting policies from what was previously disclosed in our Annual Report filed with the SEC.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For information regarding new accounting pronouncements, see Note 2, Recent Accounting Pronouncements in the notes to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements reflect the current views of our senior management with respect to future events and our financial performance. These statements include forward-looking statements with respect to our business and industry in general. Statements that include the words “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “project,” “forecast,” “estimate,” “may,” “should,” “anticipate” and similar statements of a future or forward looking nature identify forward-looking statements for purposes of the federal securities laws or otherwise. For