Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Sep. 27, 2020
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases Leases
The Company determines if a contract contains a lease at inception. The Company's material long-term operating lease agreements are for the land and buildings for our restaurants as well as our corporate offices. The lease term begins on the date that the Company takes possession under the lease, including the pre-opening period during construction, when in many cases the Company is not making rent payments. The initial lease terms range from 10 years to 15 years, most of which include renewal options totaling 10 to 15 years. The lease term is generally the minimum of the noncancelable period or the lease term including renewal options which are reasonably certain of being exercised up to a term of approximately 20 years.
Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date for material leases with a term of greater than 12 months. Operating lease liabilities represent the present value of future minimum lease payments. Since our leases do not provide an implicit rate, our operating lease liabilities are calculated using the Company's secured incremental borrowing rate at lease commencement. We estimate this rate based on prevailing financial market conditions, comparable companies, credit analysis and management judgment. Minimum lease payments include only fixed lease components of the agreement, as well as variable rate payments that depend on an index, initially measured using the index at the lease commencement date.
Operating lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset and are based upon the operating lease liabilities adjusted for prepaid or accrued lease payments, initial direct costs and lease incentives. Lease incentives are recognized when construction milestones are met and reduce our operating lease asset. They are amortized through the operating lease assets as reductions of rent expense over the lease term.
Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments that do not depend on a rate or index, escalation in the index subsequent to the initial measurement, payments associated with non-lease components such as common area maintenance, real estate taxes and insurance, and short-term lease payments (leases with a term with 12 months or less) are expensed as incurred. Certain of the Company’s operating leases contain clauses that provide for contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. These variable payments are expensed when the achievement of the specified target that triggers the contingent rent is considered probable. As of September 27, 2020, all of the Company's leases were operating.
During the second quarter of 2020, the Company suspended lease payments for the months of April through June 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company was able to negotiate rent concessions, abatements and deferrals with landlords on a large portion of our operating leases. Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued a clarification to accounting for lease concessions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic to reduce the operational challenges and complexity of lease accounting. The Company used the relief provisions provided by FASB and made an election to account for the lease concessions as if they were part of the original lease agreement. The recognition of rent concessions did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Components of operating lease costs are included in occupancy, closed restaurant costs, restaurant pre-opening, general and administrative expense and property and equipment, net:
Thirteen Weeks Ended Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
Lease cost September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Operating lease cost (a)
$ 6,500  $ 6,496  $ 19,523  $ 19,082 
Variable lease cost 143  315  360  865 
$ 6,643  $ 6,811  $ 19,883  $ 19,947 
(a) Includes short-term operating lease costs which are immaterial.
Supplemental cash flow disclosures for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively:
Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended
September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities 15,472  19,177 
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities (a) (1,351) 176,511 
(a) The thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020 includes a $7.0 million reduction to the operating lease assets and liabilities mainly as a result of shortening the remaining life of certain leases during the first quarter of 2020. The thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2019 includes the transition adjustment for the adoption of Leases (Topic 842) of $170.3 million as well as a $1.3 million reduction to the operating lease assets and liabilities as a result of shortening the remaining life of certain leases.
The Company recorded $0.2 million and $0.7 million in deferred lease incentives during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively.
Supplemental balance sheet and other lease disclosures:
Operating leases Classification September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
Right-of-use assets Operating lease assets $ 158,659  $ 169,299 
Deferred rent payments (a)
Operating lease liability 3,269  — 
Current lease liabilities Operating lease liability 11,697  10,307 
14,966  10,307 
Non-current lease liabilities Operating lease liability, less current portion 206,232  214,541 
221,198  224,848 
(a) A majority of the deferred rent payments is payable within the next 12 months
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years) 14.0 15.0
Weighted average discount rate 7.9  % 7.8  %
Future minimum rent payments for our operating leases, excluding the deferred rent payments of $3.3 million, for the next five years as of September 27, 2020 are as follows:
Fiscal year ending:
Remainder of 2020 $ 6,944 
2021 28,521 
2022 27,753 
2023 27,625 
2024 26,459 
Thereafter 243,249 
Total minimum lease payments 360,551 
Less: imputed interest 142,622 
Present value of lease liabilities $ 217,929 
As of September 27, 2020, operating lease payments exclude approximately $7.1 million of legally binding minimum lease payments for leases signed but which we have not yet taken possession.